Authentic Leadership Theory Enhancements from 1 Peter 5:1-5

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Daniel Holmquist


This hermeneutical study of 1 Peter 5:1-5 examines the Apostle Peter’s insights into leadership and how they might add insight, critique, or refine Authentic Leadership Theory (ALT). After performing a genre analysis of the biblical text and uncovering its leadership implications, these implications are intersected with the four constructs of ALT: self-awareness, relational transparency, balanced processing, and internalized moral perspective. Although many areas of congruence surfaced between 1 Peter 5:1-5 and ALT, a number of qualitative differences and emphases also emerged in the areas of suffering, the nature of leadership, the role of community, and the value of an external orientation. ALT remains in the formative stages of development and could benefit from re-examining the concept of authenticity in ancient virtue philosophy while retaining the insights of modern psychology. Leadership insights from 1 Peter 5:1-5, as well as from additional scripture passages, show promise for further gains toward a more robust theory of authentic leadership.


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Holmquist, D. (2018). Authentic Leadership Theory. Theology of Leadership Journal, 1(1), 88-97. Retrieved from